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Alles über L e o n a r d  C o h e n  von A - Z - Das  C O H E N P E D I A

Foto: Christof Graf

VIII. The Cohenpedia - Leonard Cohen von A - Z

(Quelle: Christof Graf`s Bücher über Leonard Cohen - ,,Partisan der Liebe" (1996) und ,,Titan der Worte" (2010)

A

Prince Of Asturias Award

Die Prinz-von-Asturien-Preise (span.: Premios Príncipe de Asturias) wurden 1981 erstmals durch

Dieser Preis wird seit 1981 von der Stiftung Prinz von Asturien vergeben. Zum ersten Mal vom spanischen Pinzen 1981 und dann jährlich in Oviedo, der Hauptstadt des Fürstentums Asturien wird er in Anwesenheit des spanischen Thronfolgers Infant Felipe von Spanien (und seit 2004 seiner Gemahlin Doña Letizia) vergeben.

Die Preisverleihung kommt einer Art Verleihung eines akademischen Grades nahe. Jury und Preisträger gehören zur Intellektuellen Schicht. Die Preisträger, die von der meist hochkarätigen Besetzung gekürt werden, zeichnen sich durch besondere Fähigkeiten nund Leistungen aus. Acht Kategorien werden hierbei berücksichtigt: Kunst, Literatur, Sozialwissenschaften, Kommunikation und Geisteswissenschaften, Eintracht, internationale Zusammenarbeit, wissenschaftliche und technische Forschung und Sport. Cohen erhielt ihn in der Kategorie "Geisteswissenschaft und Literatur".

Am 23. Oktober 2011 erhielt Leonard Cohen diese Auszeichnung: Der Preis wurde wie gewöhnlich im Theater Campoamor überreicht. Der Prinz-von-Asturien-Preis ist mit einem Geldbetrag in Höhe von 50.000 Euro dotiert. Darüber hinaus erhielt Leonard Cohen wie jeder Preisträger eine Skulptur, die vom katalanischen Künstler Joan Miró entworfen wurde, überreicht.

Leonard Cohen hielt bei der Verleihung eine eindringliche Rede mit dem Titel: "How I Got This Song", die auf YOUTUBE nachzuhören ist. Anbei das Transkript:

It is a great honour to stand here before you tonight. Perhaps, like the great maestro, Riccardo Muti, I’m not used to standing in front of an audience without an orchestra behind me, but I will do my best as a solo artist tonight.

I stayed up all night last night wondering what I might say to this assembly. After I had eaten all the chocolate bars and peanuts from the minibar, I scribbled a few words. I don’t think I have to refer to them. Obviously, I’m deeply touched to be recognized by the Foundation. But I have come here tonight to express another dimension of gratitude; I think I can do it in three or four minutes.

When I was packing in Los Angeles, I had a sense of unease because I’ve always felt some ambiguity about an award for poetry. Poetry comes from a place that no one commands, that no one conquers. So I feel somewhat like a charlatan to accept an award for an activity which I do not command. In other words, if I knew where the good songs came from I would go there more often.

I was compelled in the midst of that ordeal of packing to go and open my guitar. I have a Conde guitar, which was made in Spain in the great workshop at number 7 Gravina Street. I pick up an instrument I acquired over 40 years ago. I took it out of the case, I lifted it, and it seemed to be filled with helium it was so light. And I brought it to my face and I put my face close to the beautifully designed rosette, and I inhaled the fragrance of the living wood. We know that wood never dies. I inhaled the fragrance of the cedar as fresh as the first day that I acquired the guitar. And a voice seemed to say to me, “You are an old man and you have not said thank you, you have not brought your gratitude back to the soil from which this fragrance arose. And so I come here tonight to thank the soil and the soul of this land that has given me so much.

Because I know that just as an identity card is not a man, a credit rating is not a country.

Now, you know of my deep association and confraternity with the poet Frederico Garcia Lorca. I could say that when I was a young man, an adolescent, and I hungered for a voice, I studied the English poets and I knew their work well, and I copied their styles, but I could not find a voice. It was only when I read, even in translation, the works of Lorca that I understood that there was a voice. It is not that I copied his voice; I would not dare. But he gave me permission to find a voice, to locate a voice, that is to locate a self, a self that that is not fixed, a self that struggles for its own existence.

As I grew older, I understood that instructions came with this voice. What were these instructions? The instructions were never to lament casually. And if one is to express the great inevitable defeat that awaits us all, it must be done within the strict confines of dignity and beauty.

And so I had a voice, but I did not have an instrument. I did not have a song.

And now I’m going to tell you very briefly a story of how I got my song.

Because – I was an indifferent guitar player. I banged the chords. I only knew a few of them. I sat around with my college friends, drinking and singing the folk songs and the popular songs of the day, but I never in a thousand years thought of myself as a musician or as a singer.

One day in the early sixties, I was visiting my mother’s house in Montreal. Her house was beside a park and in the park was a tennis court where many people come to watch the beautiful young tennis players enjoy their sport. I wandered back to this park which I’d known since my childhood, and there was a young man playing a guitar. He was playing a flamenco guitar, and he was surrounded by two or three girls and boys who were listening to him. I loved the way he played. There was something about the way he played that captured me. It was the way that I wanted to play and knew that I would never be able to play.

And, I sat there with the other listeners for a few moments and when there was a silence, an appropriate silence, I asked him if he would give me guitar lessons. He was a young man from Spain, and we could only communicate in my broken French and his broken French. He didn’t speak English. And he agreed to give me guitar lessons. I pointed to my mother’s house which you could see from the tennis court, and we made an appointment and settled a price.

He came to my mother’s house the next day and he said, “Let me hear you play something.” I tried to play something, and he said, “You don’t know how to play, do you?’

I said, “No, I don’t know how to play.” He said “First of all, let me tune your guitar. It’s all out of tune.” So he took the guitar, and he tuned it. He said, “It’s not a bad guitar.” It wasn’t the Conde, but it wasn’t a bad guitar. So, he handed it back to me. He said, “Now play.”

I couldn’t play any better.

He said “Let me show you some chords.” And he took the guitar, and he produced a sound from that guitar I had never heard. And he played a sequence of chords with a tremolo, and he said, “Now you do it.” I said, “It’s out of the question. I can’t possibly do it.” He said, “Let me put your fingers on the frets,” and he put my fingers on the frets. And he said, “Now, now play.”

It was a mess. He said, ” I’ll come back tomorrow.”

He came back tomorrow, he put my hands on the guitar, he placed it on my lap in the way that was appropriate, and I began again with those six chords – a six chord progression. Many, many flamenco songs are based on them.

I was a little better that day. The third day – improved, somewhat improved. But I knew the chords now. And, I knew that although I couldn’t coordinate my fingers with my thumb to produce the correct tremolo pattern, I knew the chords; I knew them very, very well.

The next day, he didn’t come. He didn’t come. I had the number of his, of his boarding house in Montreal. I phoned to find out why he had missed the appointment, and they told me that he had taken his life. That he committed suicide.

I knew nothing about the man. I did not know what part of Spain he came from. I did not know why he came to Montreal. I did not know why he played there. I did not know why he he appeared there at that tennis court. I did not know why he took his life.

I was deeply saddened, of course. But now I disclose something that I’ve never spoken in public. It was those six chords, it was that guitar pattern that has been the basis of all my songs and all my music. So, now you will begin to understand the dimensions of the gratitude I have for this country.

Everything that you have found favourable in my work comes from this place. Everything , everything that you have found favourable in my songs and my poetry are inspired by this soil.

So, I thank you so much for the warm hospitality that you have shown my work because it is really yours, and you have allowed me to affix my signature to the bottom of the page.

Leonard Cohen befindet sich mit dieser Auszeichnung in bester Gesellschaft Weitere Preisträger bis zum Jahre 2011 sind:

Kunst

1981: Jesús López Cobos

1982: Pablo Serrano

1983: Eusebio Sempere

1984: Orfeón Donostierra

1985: Antonio López García

1986: Luis García Berlanga

1987: Eduardo Chillida

1988: Jorge Oteiza

1989: Oscar Niemeyer

1990: Antoni Tàpies

1991: Alfredo Kraus, José Carreras, Teresa Berganza, Pilar Lorengar, Plácido Domingo, Montserrat Caballé und Victoria de los Ángeles

1992: Roberto Matta

1993: Francisco Javier Sáenz de Oiza

1994: Alicia de Larrocha

1995: Fernando Fernán Gómez

1996: Joaquín Rodrigo

1997: Vittorio Gassman

1998: Sebastião Salgado

1999: Santiago Calatrava

2000: Barbara Hendricks

2001: Krzysztof Penderecki

2002: Woody Allen

2003: Miquel Barceló

2004: Paco de Lucía

2005: Maya Plisetskaya und Tamara Rojo

2006: Pedro Almodóvar

2007: Bob Dylan

2008: El Sistema: Nationales System der Jugend- und Kinderorchester von Venezuela

2009: Norman Foster

2010: Richard Serra

2011: Riccardo Muti

Geisteswissenschaften und Literatur

1981: José Hierro

1982: Miguel Delibes und Gonzalo Torrente Ballester

1983: Juan Rulfo

1984: Pablo García Baena

1985: Angel González

1986: Mario Vargas Llosa und Rafael Lapesa

1987: Camilo José Cela

1988: José Angel Valente und Carmen Martín Gaite

1989: Ricardo Gullón

1990: Arturo Uslar Pietri

1991: Das Volk von Puerto Rico

1992: Francisco Morales Nieva

1993: Claudio Rodríguez

1994: Carlos Fuentes

1995: Carlos Bousoño

1996: Francisco Umbral

1997: Álvaro Mutis

1998: Francisco Ayala

1999: Günter Grass

2000: Augusto Monterroso

2001: Doris Lessing

2002: Arthur Miller

2003: Fatima Mernissi und Susan Sontag

2004: Claudio Magris

2005: Nélida Piñón

2006: Paul Auster

2007: Amos Oz

2008: Margaret Atwood

2009: Ismail Kadare

2010: Amin Maalouf

2011: Leonard Cohen

Sozialwissenschaften

1981: Román Perpiñá

1982: Antonio Domínguez Ortiz

1983: Julio Caro Baroja

1984: Eduardo García de Enterría

1985: Ramón Carande Thovar

1986: José Luis Pinillos

1987: Juan Linz

1988: Luis Díez del Corral und Luis Sánchez Agesta

1989: Enrique Fuentes Quintana

1990: Rodrigo Uría González

1991: Miguel Artola Gallego

1992: Juan Velarde Fuertes

1993: Silvio Zavala

1994: Aurelio Menéndez Menéndez

1995: Joaquim Veríssimio Serrão

1996: John Huxtable Elliott

1997: Martín de Riquer Morera

1998: Jacques Santer und Pierre Werner

1999: Raymond Carr

2000: Carlo Maria Martini

2001: El Colegio de México und Juan Iglesias Santos

2002: Anthony Giddens

2003: Jürgen Habermas

2004: Paul Krugman

2005: Giovanni Sartori

2006: Mary Robinson

2007: Ralf Dahrendorf

2008: Tzvetan Todorov

2009: David Attenborough

2010: Das Archäologenteam der Terrakottaarmee von Xi'an

2011: Howard Gardner

Kommunikation und Humanwissenschaften

1981: María Zambrano

1982: Mario Bunge

1983: Die Zeitung El País

1984: Claudio Sánchez Albornoz

1985: José Ferrater Mora

1986: Das brasilianische Magazin O Globo

1987: Die Zeitungen El Espectador und El Tiempo

1988: Horacio Sáenz Guerrero

1989: Economic Culture Fund und Pedro Laín Entralgo

1990: Universität José Simeón Cañas

1991: Luis María Anson

1992: Emilio García Gómez

1993: das Magazin Vuelta von Octavio Paz

1994: Spanische Missionen in Ruanda und Burundi

1995: José Luis López-Aranguren und die Agentur EFE

1996: Indro Montanelli und Julián Marías Aguilera

1997: CNN und Václav Havel

1998: Reinhard Mohn

1999: Instituto Caro y Cuervo

2000: Umberto Eco

2001: George Steiner

2002: Hans Magnus Enzensberger

2003: Ryszard Kapuscinski und Gustavo Gutiérrez Merino

2004: Jean Daniel

2005: Alliance française, British Council, Goethe-Institut, Instituto Cervantes, Instituto Camões und Società Dante Alighieri

2006: National Geographic Society

2007: Die beiden Fachzeitschriften Science und Nature

2008: Google

2009: Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México

2010: Zygmunt Bauman und Alain Touraine

2011: Royal Society

Eintracht

1986: Solidaritätspfarrei Chile

1987: Villa El Salvador

1988: International Union for Conservation of Nature and Natural Resources und World Wild Fund for Nature

1989: Stephen Hawking

1990: Sephardische Gemeinden

1991: Medicus Mundi und Médicins sans Frontières

1992: Die American Foundation for AIDS Research (amfAR)

1993: Koordinatorin Gesto por la Paz im Baskenland

1994: Save the Children, National Movement of Street Children und Messengers of Peace

1995: der jordanische König Hussein I.

1996: Adolfo Suárez

1997: Yehudi Menuhin und Mstislaw Leopoldowitsch Rostropowitsch

1998: Nicolás Castellanos, Vicente Ferrer Moncho, Joaquín Sanz Gadea und Muhammad Yunus

1999: die spanische Caritas

2000: die Real Academia Española und die Asociación de Academias de la Lengua Española

2001: das weltweite Netzwerk der Biosphärenreservate

2002: Daniel Barenboim und Edward Said

2003: Joanne K. Rowling

2004: der Jakobsweg

2005: die Barmherzigen Schwestern des Vinzenz von Paul

2006: UNICEF

2007: das Museum zur Geschichte des Holocaust in Jerusalem

2008: Íngrid Betancourt

2009: Berlin

2010: Manos Unidas, katholische Wohltätigkeitsorganisation

2011: Die Helden von Fukushima (repräsentiert durch TEPCO-Mitarbeiter, Feuerwehr und die japanische Armee)

Internationale Zusammenarbeit

1981: José López Portillo

1982: Enrique V. Iglesias

1983: Belisario Betancur

1984: die Contadora Gruppe

1985: Raúl Alfonsín

1986: die Universitäten Salamanca und Coimbra

1987: Javier Pérez de Cuéllar

1988: Óscar Arias Sánchez

1989: Jacques Delors und Michail Gorbatschow

1990: Hans-Dietrich Genscher

1991: Hoher Flüchtlingskommissar der Vereinten Nationen (UNHCR, United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees)

1992: Nelson Mandela und Frederik Willem de Klerk

1993: die Blauhelme der United Nations, die in Ex-Jugoslawien stationiert waren

1994: Jassir Arafat und Jitzchak Rabin

1995: Mário Soares

1996: Helmut Kohl

1997: Regierung von Guatemala und guatemaltekische Nationale Revolutionäre Einheit

1998: Fatiha Boudiaf, Olayinka Koso-Thomas, Graça Machel, Rigoberta Menchú Tum, Fatana Ishaq Gailani, Emma Bonino und Somaly Mam

1999: Pedro Duque, John Glenn, Chiaki Mukai and Waleri Poljakow

2000: Fernando Henrique Cardoso

2001: die Internationale Raumstation ISS (International Space Station)

2002: Scientific Committee on Antarctic Research

2003: Luís Inácio Lula da Silva

2004: Das Erasmus-Programm der Europäischen Union

2005: Simone Veil

2006: Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation

2007: Al Gore

2008: Ifakara Health Research and Development Centre (Tansania), Malaria Research and Training Centre (Mali), Kintampo Health Research Centre (Ghana) und Manhiça Centre of Health Research (Mosambik)

2009: Weltgesundheitsorganisation

2010: The Transplantation Society (TTS) Montreal und die Organización Nacional de Transplantes (ONT) Spanien

2011: Bill Drayton

Wissenschaftliche und technische Forschung [Bearbeiten]

1981: Alberto Sols

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